By Alek. Patio. Published at Monday, November 28th, 2016 - 22:36:53 PM.
Sealing Your Patio Pavers - 11 Keys to Successfully Sealing Your Patio When my neighbor first decided to install a paver-block patio behind his home, he chose paver stones for several good reasons. He thought they would last longer than other materials like wood, or poured concrete, he thought they had a really "rich" elegant look to them and most of all, he thought that they would be maintenance free. Well, he almost had it right. They do look great and theyre incredibly durable, but it wasnt long before he learned that they arent completely maintenance free. After several seasons of rain, snow and sun, the patio just didnt look as good as it first did when he had it installed. The sun was beginning to fade the color in some areas, the sand between the stones had been washed away by the rains and weeds had started growing in the gaps between the pavers. He even began to see ant colonies beginning to form using his precious paver sand as their new home. Well, the solution to his problem was fairly simple. It was time to clean the patio up and seal it for protection. And though he was somewhat reluctant at first to attempt this project on his own, once I began to walk him through the various steps, he decided it didnt sound that tough and he ought to be able to seal his patio himself. I concurred. "Just observe these simple 11 keys", I told him, "and when youre done your patio will look like it was done by the Pros!" 1. First, take your time With every project that I undertake, I cant stress this point enough. From the beginning to the end, with every step in between, take your time. When you rush a project through you make mistakes, and mistakes are what the pros are able to avoid. Sometimes its just a matter of cleaning the surface a little better, or rinsing things off a little more. Maybe its allowing a little more time between coats for your sealer to dry or waiting a few more hours before re-installing your patio furniture. With every step of the process, take your time. The chances are much better that when the work is all done and the tools have been stored, youll look at the finished result and be satisfied that it turned out just as you had hoped it would. 2. Acids can be great cleaners Often times when you inspect the patio, prior to washing youll notice stains. Leaves that have remained on the patio can leave tannin stains. Iron furniture that sits on the patio will most likely leave rust stains. Whatever stains you find need to be removed prior to sealing or they will be sealed in and become permanent, so now is the time to work on them. The simplest way to get the stains out is by using an acid cleaner. Conventional muriatic acid works well and its cheap, but I hate it. If you get it on your skin it burns and the vapors from it are just terrible. Instead, I use a "safer" cleaner, such as Defy Safer Masonry Cleaner. For severe stains, I simply pour a little cleaner at full strength on the stain and give it a few minutes to work before rinsing. If the whole patio is fairly dirty, dilute the cleaner 4:1 (four parts water to one part cleaner) and using a garden-type pump up sprayer, spray the entire surface with cleaner. Allow the cleaner to remain wet on the surface for 5 minutes or so, and then begin the rinsing process using a power washer. 3. Clean, clean and then clean some more In regard to the prep work, sealing you patio isnt much different than staining your deck or painting your house. Much of the quality of the job comes down to how well you prepare the surface. Patios that have weathered will often times have mildew, moss and algae growing on the stones and in the sand between the joints. Weeds that have begun to grow as well as any other foreign debris need to be removed, and for a patio that means a good cleaning. The easiest way to clean things off is with a power washer. Make certain that you select a washer with enough power to do the job. I try to never use anything rated less than 2400 p.s.i. Select a tip that will fan the water out slightly, 15° or so. Also, always work in sections. Patios should be constructed so that water runs away from the home. So begin working near the house or the high side of the slope of the patio. Rinse debris down the patios natural flow, away from the house. Youll loose some of the sand between the joints during the cleaning process and thats ok. Well replace the sand once the patio is cleaned up. Just be careful not to blow out more sand than is necessary while doing your cleaning. 4. Now this ones on the "level" With the patio now cleaned, look around and inspect the condition of the pavers. Over time, paver stones can settle or shift, making them unlevel. If you have some bricks that are out of place, using a screwdriver and a stiff putty knife, pry the uneven stones out. Once removed, you can add a little sand, smooth it out with the blade of your putty knife, and re-install the bricks. A couple of taps with a rubber mallet to make things perfect and voila, the bricks are level once again. 5. Its time to fill this joint The last remaining step in getting the patio ready to seal is to re-grout the joints between the stones with fresh sand. This step isnt hard, but it does take a little time so be patient. To do this, I use a fine grade of run-of-the-mill play box sand. Pour a small amount on the patio and begin sweeping it into the joints using a push-broom. Sweep in both directions; back-to-front and left-to-right to insure the joints get completely filled. As the sand gets used up by filling the joints pour a little more onto the patio and keep sweeping. 6. Break time This is the part youre going to love. Go take a break! Remember when we started I said to take your time? Well now its very important that you take your time. After all of the cleaning that we did, the ground under those pavers is soaking wet and needs to dry out. Give the patio a couple of good, hot sunny days to dry out before applying any sealer. If you dont, you could end up trapping moisture under the sealer and the whole project will turn a milky-white color...yuck! 7. Take a look at Waterborne Sealers Its time to pick out your sealer now and the choices are solvent-based products or water-based products. I hate solvents! "Why?" you ask. Heres why: 1. Theyre bad for our environment. 2. If they get on my grass or flowers, they kill them. 3. They smell terrible. 4. Everything has to be cleaned up with messy solvents. Water-base sealers are a much better choice. Besides being both easy to use and easy on the environment, they offer another amazing advantage. They "stabilize" the sand. When cured, water-based sealers such as Defys Epoxy Fortified Paver Sealer, will harden the joint sand and lock it into place. This prevents it from washing out during future rains. 8. Read the can, follow directions Every manufacturers product can be little different so always read the directions. It only takes a few minutes but it will ensure that you have all the right information before you get started. Pay attention to details such as how many coats of sealer to apply, how long to wait between coats, how to properly apply the product and how to clean it up. There are any number of variations to these questions and more. Read the label first and youll be likely to get it right the first time. 9. This sprayin stuff is easy Now the fun stuff begins...applying the sealer. To do this, I love to use a garden-type pump up sprayer but Ill warn you in advance, dont buy a cheap one! The better sprayers (they usually cost over $50 bucks) have a metal fan-style spray tip and do a much better job than the inexpensive weed sprayers. When youre looking for a sprayer, the key here is to look for a "fan-style tip". The patio edges can be cut-in using a 4" nylon brush and then youre ready to start spraying. Water-based sealers normally require two coats to be applied. Once youve cut-in the edges, spray the entire patio with the first coat. Then wait for the sealer to dry enough that it can walked on, and do the same thing all over again...two coats! If you get things on too heavy and the sealer starts to puddle, use the brush to get rid of the puddling by simply brushing it out. If you want to see what this process looks like, you can visit defyinfo.com where you can find a streaming video detailing each of the steps that weve taken. 10. MORE is definitely NOT better Ok, if a little is good then a lot must be better, right? No! Remember, were sealing concrete paver stones and these stones are sitting on a bed of sand. When the sand gets wet and then the sun comes out, these pavers need to breathe, meaning they need to let any water vapors pass through them. When too much sealer is applied, the water vapor can no longer pass through, which results in a white "blushing" effect or even potentially peeling. Dont be fooled, I know how great this stuff can look if you really lay it on, how cool that high gloss finish is. But it will blush and peel. Limit your application to two coats and you wont have a problem. 11. How about a little maintenance Ok, great job, now just one more thing. How about a little maintenance? Blow the leaves off when they fall to keep them from staining. Rinse the dirt and debris that seems to just show up over time. And as the weather begins to dull down the finish and the patio loses its luster, simply rinse it off and apply a light maintenance coat. Catch it before the patio gets too weathered and its really that simply. So thats it. Thats everything. Eleven keys to sealing your patio. Go ahead and try these eleven keys for yourself. See what the results are when you set out on your next project to do it like a pro. You might just surprise yourself!
How to Create the Perfect Patio Experience By taking time to plan and design your patio, you can create an area where all the different features combine to produce a unique space that possesses character, comfort and charm. In effect, transforming a popular garden feature into an outside room. To create the perfect patio for your garden, consider the size and position of the patio area carefully. Most people prefer the patio to be close to the house but you may wish to choose a location in a sunnier part of the garden or a position offering a better view. By placing the patio near to trees and shrubbery, you create a naturally sheltered area similar to an arbour. But this type of location can bring problems. Firstly excavating the footings for the patio may cause damage to the roots of the trees and shrubs that were the chief attraction of that particular location. Close proximity to trees and shrubs will almost definitely result in the unsightly problem of leaf mould forming on the patio creating a slippery and hazardous surface. For a patio that complements the house and garden, proportions are all-important. When deciding on the size of the patio, you must also think practically about how it will be used. If you want to put a table and chairs on it, you will probably need at least 3m x 3m but to accommodate sunloungers and possibly barbeques a larger space may be required. So its worthwhile deciding on the type of patio furniture you will be using at this early stage. Shape is another important factor in your patio planning. Dont be constrained by the traditional rectangular template - a curved patio is often more space efficient and can blend more harmoniously with the rest of the garden. Experiment with shapes and geometric patterns to highlight garden features or mirror flowerbeds. Mark out the patio area with a hosepipe or string line to help you visualise the space. Once you have decided on the shape and size of your patio there is another important feature of the design to consider that many people overlook - colour. The variety of stone available to the patio builder is matched, if not surpassed, by the rich diversity of colours in which stone paving materials now come. A quick glance at any paving stone suppliers catalogue or website will vividly illustrate this. We will look at the colours available later, but at this stage it is a good idea to consider whether you want the colour of the patio to complement or contrast with the colour of the walls of your house. Then there are the questions of patterned or plain and mix or match? Are you going to use stone of the same colour or do want to create a pattern on the patio surface? Matching different materials is yet another option worth considering. A patio constructed of two different types of stone can be very effective, as can the inclusion of an area of decorative gravel in the design. But if the mix and match approach appeals to you take care, for not all materials will work well together. As with so much connected with design, personal taste plays a significant and overriding role. Nevertheless, it is a generally accepted rule that natural stone does not work well with reconstructed materials. The patios perimeter also offers the opportunity for other design elements that can enhance its overall appearance. Firstly, you may want to build a low ornamental wall around the perimeter of your patio. Once again it is at the design stage where you should be looking into the height of the wall, the type and colour of the brick you are going to use and whether the top of the wall will be finished with coping or incorporate areas for planting. Another option worth considering is having contrasting edging at the patios perimeter, which can be in terms of both colour and material. A patio constructed of slabs can be given an elegant block edging, providing a simple but effective counterpoint to the main patio area. Whatever design you are looking for, it is advisable to produce scale drawings to visualise the finished patio. Scale drawings can also assist in calculating the quantity of materials needed. Patio slabs Stone slabs or flags come in many shapes, sizes and colours. The main types of stone are natural stone and reconstructed stone. Natural stone is what its name implies and is the more expensive of the two; but natural stone slabs can vary in size and thickness and consequently will require a higher degree of expertise to lay. Reconstructed stone slabs - sometimes described as reconstituted or artificial stone - are concrete units where a specific concrete mix has been designed to resemble natural stone. A wide range of natural stones can be imitated including Bath stone, Portland stone, Stainton stone and red terracotta. A word of caution on reconstructed stone slabs. Although they are the less expensive option, the quality can vary greatly and the cheapest stone slab often bears little resemblance to the natural stone it is trying to imitate. So its advisable to look around to find the best supplier. Traditionally the most popular stone for building patios has been sandstone, as it comes in a wide range of attractive colours and textures. But there are other interesting and decorative alternatives. Travertine is a hardwearing stone common to southern Europe. The largest building in the world constructed predominently of travertine is the Colosseum in Rome. A noticeable feature of travertine stone is its naturally pitted surface that is excellent for simple, rustic designs. But its the colours of travertine stone that make it so attractive to patio builders. In addition to grey, beige and white there are rich browns, reds and golds that are ideal for creating a patio with a Mediterrannean appearance. Another stone favoured by professional patio builders is granite. The reputation granite has for toughness and durability often overshadows its natural beauty. Natural granite slabs are usually dark and silver grey, or pink. But its beauty is heightened in the sun as it sparkles and glints providing a glamorous sophistication. When looking at the variety of stone available you will soon discover that patio slabs can come with different finishes offering another dimension to patio design. These finishes are produced by specific operations: acid-etched, smooth or coarse ground, grit or sand-blasted, rubbed or polished, giving the stone a different appearance and character. A riven surface refers to stone that has the appearance of having split away from the main rock mass resulting in a rough, textured appearance. Tumbled stone has a distressed look marked by rounded edges and a well-worn quality. Polished stone has a smooth surface imparting a refined elegance, while in stark contrast slabs that have been shot-blast have a coarse, roughened surface. Block paving and setts? Although the patio slab or flag is the most popular stone material for building patios other materials are available, namely block paving and setts. Block paving comprises of rectangular shaped blocks similar to bricks. The most common size for block pavers is 200mm x 100mm with a depth of around between 50mm. They can either be made of concrete or clay and come in a wide selection of colours. Clay paving blocks are more expensive than the concrete variety but both can be tumbled or polished Paving blocks are usually laid in one of three patterns: herringbone, stretcher bond and basketweave. Whatever stone material you decide to use, accurate plans will help you estimate the quantity of materials needed and get quotes. Remember to check that there are no underground pipes and cables in the area. If the patio is to butt onto an exterior house wall, it must be below the damp proof course.
How You Can Discover the Best Conversation Patio Sets For Your Patio You really should not be surprised to know that most fashionable conversation patio sets include a comprehensive number of items such as patio furniture, garden objects, seats, tables, and lounge chairs. This kind of classification of furniture is indeed so versatile that various units may even seem acceptable to use during evening dinner parties and social gatherings. Your 1st step for making a decision on just the right conversation patio sets for your home, garden, or patio should be to choose the particular type. By that, I mean that you will want to choose a set which fits your own style. That may well end up being a finely polished, ultra-modern set, or simply an attractive and intimate bistro arrangement. Depending on a style that you might fancy or find desirable, you will want to take into consideration the materials that conversation patio sets are usually made of. Patio furniture material types consist of wickerwork, cast light weight aluminum, extruded light weight aluminum, together with wrought iron, resin, and various types of wood. Of the wicker variations, cane as well as rattan conversation patio sets happen to be the most well-liked. The combination of the over-all pattern of your patio set, along with the actual elements of construction is most important. For illustration, you may be leaning toward the traditional, old fashioned, basic type of conversation patio sets. So, the patio sets made out of an odd color of plastic would probably not be your first choice. On the other hand, that very same plastic set may be just the right set for a casual, less formal application. Wrought iron terrace outdoor furniture is definitely evolving into the preferred and highly sought after design for patio and terrace furnishings in the market place. The versatility and durability is well-known. For example, you may be searching for interesting conversation patio sets which can be used by you for a number of years and then given to your kids for their use. Wrought iron patio conversation sets may possibly be just the option for that. These type outdoor patio sets are low maintenance during the season. Wrought iron sets do not require the user to pull off cushions and move everything indoors time and again, or necessitate a move indoors for the entire off-season. Additionally, wrought iron terrace and patio furniture is flexible as to color. Just about any color imaginable can be used, although the traditional colors are black, white, and dark green. Cedar, red wood as well as teak outdoor patio furniture will most certainly be very good for your out-of-doors use. A lot of people have found that teak wood conversation patio sets are actually a worthwhile investment that is worth making. Since it is warp-resistant and long lasting, teak wood can still look and feel impressive even after a number of years of use. A periodic cleaning and resealing should be all that is needed to take care of teak for many seasons of pleasure. However, sometimes the price point is an issue. Even though teak may be less expensive over the long-term because of durability and long life, for some people the immediate costs are the highest priority. In those situations, the selling price of cedar patio conversation sets make that group a prime candidate. Cedar, or red wood sets can be perfect for those people who love the wooden look associated with teak, but do not love the price tag. Gain most of the advantages of teak, but avoid some of the costs, by opting for one of the less expensive woods. Typically the level of quality of wickerwork is an important factor as to the actual toughness of this type of outdoor patio set. Shelling out a little extra cash upfront can easily result in added seasons of use, making a high quality wicker patio set a more economical choice. Keep in mind that wicker really does have to be repainted and touched up regularly, since it expands and contracts along with heat, humidity, and environment. Therefore the finish or paint may flake off with ease. If the patio set is not made of real wicker but some synthetic material, then the same does not apply. That being said, the attraction of wicker are its natural characteristics and relative durability if it is properly maintained. Yet another factor to think about while choosing outdoor furniture is the amount of maintenance required during the current season, as well as through the years. Nothing can be more challenging than to be looking forward to the spring and summertime and then realize that you need to refinish the outdoor furniture. Who could enjoy the hours put in having to get the terrace furniture in shape and presentable. Even though all conversation patio sets will need a certain amount of maintenance, various types will be able to be maintained simply just a bit of little bit of work. For example, resin patio furniture is particularly durable and lasts for some time without any kind of substantial need of attention. Cedar, red wood and teak patio furniture are generally low maintenance. Wrought iron may require some refinishing and painting after only a couple of seasons. The metal requires sealing to prevent corrosion, and the paint could lose its luster out there in the year round weather. Because of the complex designs in these types of patio sets, the refinishing and painting can be quite a task. If that concerns you, keep in mind that there are some dense resin or synthetic products designed to look similar to wrought iron readily available in the marketplace. The best conversation patio sets for an individual and their home can best be determined by personally balancing the variables of style, cost, how it is going to be used, toughness, and required periodic maintenance. Once you have considered all the particular merits, as well as the downside of each of the conversation patio sets, the right choice for you should be obvious. CL enjoys his time outdoors in the Mid-Atlantic part of the US. Over the years, he has lu
How To Protect Your Patio Area From The Elements As a nation we are spending more and more time outdoors on our patios each year as well as spending more and more money on maintaining the appearance of our outdoor garden living area. One way to guarantee that the look of out patio is maintained in tip top condition is to use a patio cover in the winter months or whenever the outdoor area isnt being used to protect the surface from the elements. One problem that occurs on nearly every un-covered patio area is that of moss and weeds growing between the stones of the patio. Although a patio cover will not totally eradicate this problem it will reduce them amount of sunlight and moisture that can filter its way down to the horrible little weeds and restrict their growth. What ever weeds do grow will not be as strong as ones that have been exposed to full sunlight and moisture and will be easier to uproot. One of the most mind numbingly laborious jobs of any spring and summer has got to be jet washing the patio clean to get rid of the debris that have congregated on the patio area over the winter months. This job can be avoided by putting a patio cover in place in the late summer to avoid and debris of moss accumulating on the stones. The moss can especially be a nuisance as this can permanently discolor the patio which is not a good look. As well as these points, if you add a patio cover to your outdoor living area before the autumn and winter months set in you can spend the time that you would have spent cleaning enjoying the patio with your family. You should always look for a strong and robust cover that will with stand the weather and elements over the winter months as well as being easy to un-cover and fold away when the time is needed. If you are not confident at fitting a patio cover on your own it is possible to get a specialist in who will do the job correctly and ensure that the cover is in tip top working order before the job is complete. This is a more expensive option to take but at least if you are not so confident you will know that the job has been completed well and to a high standard. Patio covers can save you a lot of time and money in the long run and are well worth paying out for as soon as youve had a patio area fitted out. A patio cover will prolong the look and the life of your patio area over many years.
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